History and Names

History and Names

Shito-Ryu  Our style of Karate-do
Genbukai  Our branch of Shito-ryu
Master Demura  Our Head instructor
Master Sakagami  Master Demura’s instructor 
Kenwa Mabuni  Founder of Shito-Ryu  and Master Sakagami’s Teacher

Expressions of Courtesy & Respect

Onegaishimasu  Please (Teach/help me)
Arigato Gozaimushita  Thank you
Sumimasen  Excuse me
Gomen nasai  I’m Sorry
Shinzen ni rei  Bow to the dojo
Sensei ni rei  Bow to the teacher
Senpai ni rei  Bow to the Senior
Otagai ni rei  Bow to each other
Mokuso  Meditation
Seiza  Formal kneeling posture

General Terminology

Chudan  Mid level
Dan  Black Belt grade
Dojo  Martial Arts Training Hall
Gedan  Lower Level
Gohon Kumite  five step sparring
Hajime  Begin
Hanmi  Half facing
Hidari  Left (side)
Ippon  One (point)
Ippon Kumite  One step sparring
Jiyu Kumite  Free sparring
Jodan  Head level
Kata  Pre-arranged formal exercise
Karate-do  Way of the empty hand
Karategi  Uniform
Kiai  Shout, focusing spirit with technique
Kihon  Basic techniques
Kime  Focus
Kumite  Sparring
Kyu  Belt grade
Maai  Distance (between self and opponent)
Mawate  Turn, “about face”
Makiwara  Punching board
Migi  Right (side)
Sanbon Kumite  Three step sparring
Shihan  Master
Sensei  Teacher
Senpai  Senior
Shiai  Contest
Shinzen  Focal point of Dojo
Yoi  Ready position
Yame  Stop
Ichi  one
Ni  two
San  three
Shi  four
Go  five
Roku  six
Shichi  seven
Hachi  eight
Ku  nine
Ju  ten

Stance (Tache Kata)

Heisoku dachi  Attention stance
Hachiji dachi  Open leg stance
Musubi dachi  Feet 45 – informal attn stance
Zenkutsu dachi  Forward Stance
Kokutsu dachi  Back Stance
Naihanchi dachi  Horse Stance ( Kiba Dachi)
Shiko Dachi  Square Stance
Neko Ashi Dachi  Cat Stance
Kosa Dachi  Cross Leg Stance
Osoku Dachi  Sideways facing stance
Sanchin Dachi  Hourglass Stance
Sagi Ashi (Rohai) Dachi  Crane Stance
Aymi Dachi  Natural Stance

Blocking Techniques (Uke Waza)

Age Uke  Upper Block
Harai Uke  Lower Block (Gedan Bara)
Yoko Uke  Middle Inside Block
Yoko Uchi Uke  Middle Outside Block
Shuto Uke  Knife Hand Block
Gedan Ude Uke (kake uke)  Lower Forearm Block
Juji Uke  X Block
Kakete Uke  Hook Block
Nagashi Uke  Sweep Block
Hiji Uke  Elbow Block
Haishu Uke  Back Hand Block
Kakiwake Uke  Separating Block
Teisho Uke  Palm Heel Block
Morote Uke  Double Forearm Block

Hand Techniques (Te Waza)

Seiken Tsuki  For fist Punch
Oi Tsuki  Lunge Punch
Gyaku Tsuki  Reverse Punch
Kizami Tsuki  Jab
Mawashi Tsuki  Roundhouse Punch
Ura Tsuki  Close Punch (palm up)
Yama Tsuki  Wide U Punch
Awase Tsuki  U Punch
Choku Tsuki  Straight Punch
Age Tsuki  Rising Punch
Shuto Uchi  Knife Hand Strike
Gyaku Shuto Uchi  Reverse Knife Hand Strike
Teisho  Palm Heel Strike
Tettsui  Bottom Fist Strike
Ura Ken  Back Fist Strike
Nuki Te  Spear Hand Strike
Haito Uchi  Ridge Hand Strike
Ude Uchi  Forearm Strike
Kakuto  Bent Wrist Strike
Hiji Ate  Elbow Strike

Kicking Techniques (Geri Waza)

Mae Geri  Front Snap Kick
Yoko Geri Keage  Side Snap Kick
Yoko Geri Kekomi  Side Thrust Kick
Mawashi Geri  Roundhouse kick
Ushiro Geri  Back Kick
Mikazuki Geri  Crescent Kick
Nidan Geri  Two Level Kick
Fumikomi  Stamping Kick
Hiza Geri  Knee Kick
Tobi Geri  Flying Kick