Genbu-kai

Style

There are four major styles of Japanese Karate: Shotokan, Goju-Ryu, Wado-Ryu, and our own, Shito-Ryu, pronounced “She–toh Rue”.

Founder

Shito-Ryu karate was founded by the late master Kenwa Mabuni, an Okinawan karate master who moved to mainland Japan about 1930.  Shihan (Master) Mabuni devised this system by blending the predominant methods of his two primary teachers.  Master Mabuni incorporated speed from the teachings of Shihan Yasutsune Itosu with the power he learned from Shihan Kanryu Higaonna to create “Shito-Ryu” karate.  Shito-Ryu is the only Japanese style of karate which strongly maintains both elements of the Okinawan traditions.  Shihan Mabuni passed his art on to many talented individuals who continued to spread his style.  Shihan Mabuni died in 1952.

Shito-ryu itosu-kai

One of Shihan Mabuni’s most accomplished students was Ryusho Sakagami, who was born in 1915.  Following the death of Master Mabuni, Shihan Sakagami moved to Yokohama and established the “Itosu-Kai” branch of Shito-Ryu.  Recognized as a Budo, or martial arts scholar, Shihan Sakagami was considered one of the great Japanese Karate Masters.  Shihan Sakagami passed away in 1993.

Shito-ryu comes to North America

Shito-Ryu was introduced to American by Shihan Fumio Demura in 1965.  Shihan Demura was a leading student of Master Sakagami, a former All-Japan champion, and is recognized within the martial arts world as one of the world’s leading exponents of Shito-Ryu, as well as Okinawan Kobudo (ancient weaponry).  Shihan Demura was personally responsible for the growth of all styles of karate in the United States through countless demonstrations across the country, which inspired many people to involve themselves in the martial arts.  Shihan Demura remains one of the world’s leading modern masters and is an expert with few peers.

Shihan Demura changed the name from Itosu-Kai to Genbu-Kai after Shihan Sakagami passed away in 1993.  “Gen” means original, professional, or beginning and “Bu” means martial arts.  “Kai” means group.  Genbu-Kai refers to a group of professionals who are dedicated to achieving the original goals of the traditional Budo.  This is a modern interpretation of Japanese “Shu, Ha, Ri” (protect, breakthrough, departure) and is true to the original vision of Shihan Mabuni.

Byrad Yyelland and Sensei SteuartQatar Karate-do

Shito-Ryu Karate-Do Genbu-Kai Qatar was founded in September 2009 by Byrad Yyelland who had moved to Doha one year earlier.  Yyelland Sensei (teacher) is from Canada, where he had studied under Shihan (master) Cameron Steuart at Shito-Ryu Karate-Do Genbu-Kai Canada since 2000. Steuart Sensei is Chief Instructor at the honbu dojo (main school) for this style of karate in Canada.  Steuart Sensei is one of just five members on the Board of Directors for Shito-Ryu Karate-Do Genbu-Kai International. He is currently ranked Go-Dan (5th degree) and has officially been recognized with the Shihan title in this style of karate.  Yyelland Sensei is ranked Ni-Dan (2nd degree).

Basic Training

During the first few months of training members are introduced to the basics of karate.  Perfecting these techniques can take many years but members should begin to grasp the basics within the first year, thus providing the basis for further training.  Knowledgeable instructors will caution their students that in karate, “haste makes waste”.  In other words, it is better to take the time to learn a technique properly because “unlearning” an incorrect technique is far more difficult and time-consuming than taking a little extra time in the beginning to learn the technique properly.  Together with body conditioning and basics training, members will be introduced to the fundamental philosophy, principles, and strategies of karate in a way that is understandable and meaningful.  The true value of karate extends far beyond the physical application of technique.

 

FUNDAMENTAL TECHNIQUE

 

STANCE

Attention Stance…………….……. Heisoku Dachi (hey-so-koo dah-chee)

Open Leg Stance…………………. Hachiji Dachi (hah-chi-jee dah-chee)

Forward Stance…………………..  Zenkutsu Dachi (zen-koot-su dah-chee)

Horse Stance……………………… Naifanchi Dachi (nai-fan-chee dah-chee)

Square Stance……………………. Shiko Dachi (she-koh dah-chee)

Cat Stance…………………………. Neko Ashi Dachi (nee-koh ash-ee dah-chee)

Tension Stance…………………… Sanchin Dachi (san-chin dah-chee)

Natural Stance………………….… Ayumi Dachi (ah-yumi dah-chee)

 

HAND TECHNIQUES

Straight Punch…………………… Choku Tsuki (cho-koo soo-kee)

Lunge Punch……………………… Oi Tsuki (oo-ee zoo-kee)

Reverse Punch…………………… Gyaku Tsuki (gi-ya-koo zoo-kee)

 

BLOCKING TECHNIQUES

Upper Block………………………. Age Uke (ah-gay oo-kay)

Lower Block……………………… Harai Uke (ha-rye oo-kay)

Inside Center Block……………. Yoko Uke (yoh-koh oo-kay)

Outside Center block……………Yoko Uchi Uke (yoh-koh oo-chee oo-kay)

Knifehand Block…………………  Shuto Uke (shoo-toh oo-kay)

 

KICKING TECHNIQUE

Front Snap Kick………………… Mae Geri (my-eh geh-ree)

Side Thrust Kick…………………Yoko Geri Kekomi (yoh-koh geh-ree kay-koh-mae)

Roundhouse Kick………………. Mawashi Geri (mah-wah-she geh-ree)

Back Thrust Kick…………….… Ushiro Geri (oo-she-roh geh-ree)

 

GENERAL TERMINOLOGY

Karate-Do (ka-ra-teh – doh)…… Way of the empty hand

Dojo (doh-joh)………………….…. Martial arts training hall

Shihan (shi-han)………………….. One who has mastered the art

Sensei (sen-say)…………………. One who teaches the art

Sempai (sem-pie)………………… A senior member within the dojo

Kohai (koh-hi)…………………….. A junior member within the dojo (relative term)

Gi (ghee)……………………………Training uniform

Obi (oh-bee)……………………… The belt signifying one’s rank

Rei (ray)…………………………… Bow

Onegaishimasu (oh-nee-guy-she-mus)………………………… Please

Arigato Gozaimashita (ah-ri-gah-toh go-zai-e-mush-tah)….. Thank you very much

Shinzen ni Rei (shin-zen ni ray)……………………. Bow toward the front of the dojo

Sensei ni Rei (sen-say ni ray)………………………. Bow toward the teacher

Sempai ni Rei (sem-pie ni ray)……………………… Bow toward the senior members

Otagai ni Rei (oh-tah-ga ni ray)…………………….. Bow to one another

Hai (hah-ee)……………………………………………. Yes (an affirmative reply or                                                                                                 response to commands)

Yoi (yoh-ee)………………………… Ready

Kamaete (kah-my-e teh)………… Assume training position

Hajime (hah-ji-may)………………. Begin

Mawate (mah-wah-teh)…………. To turn around (used during basics training)

Jodan (joh-dan)…………………… Upper level of the body

Chudan (chu-dan)………………… Middle level of the body

Gedan (gay-dan)………………….. Lower level of the body

Kihon (key-hon)…………………… Basic technique of karate

Kata (kah-tah)…………………….. Formal exercises of karate

Kumite (ku-me-teh)………………. Sparring practice with a partner

Kime (kee-may)…………………… Focus

Migi (mee-gee)……………………. Right

Hidari (he-dah-ree)………………. Left

Mae (mah-ee)……………………… Front

Ushiro (oo-she-roh)……………… Back or behind

Ichi (ee-chee)……………………… One

Ni (nee)………………………………Two

San (saun)…………………………..Three

Shi (she)……………………………. Four

Go……………………………….….. .Five

Roku (roh-koo)………………….… Six

Shichi (she-chee)…………………. Seven

Hachi (ha-chee)…………………… Eight

Kyu (kyoo)…………………….……. Nine

Ju (joo)………………………….….. Ten

Konichiwa (koh-ni-chi-wah)……. Good day or good afternoon

Sayonara (say-oh-nah-rah)…….. Good bye